Mym

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% MYM - Interact with a MySQL database server 
%       Copyright 2005, EPFL (Yannick Maret)
%
% Copyright notice: this code is a heavily modified version of the original
% work of Robert Almgren from University of Toronto.
%
% If no output arguments are given, then display results. Otherwise returns
% requested data silently.
% mym() or mym
% ------------
%   shows status of all open connections (returns nothing).
% mym('open', host, user, password)
% ---------------------------------
%   Open a connection with specified parameters, or defaults if none
%     host:     default is local host. Use colon for port number
%     user:     default is Unix login name.
%     password: default says connect without password.
%   Examples: mym('open','arkiv')     %  connect on default port
%             mym('open','arkiv:2215')
%   If successful, open returns 0 if successful, and throw an error
%   otherwise. The program can maintain up to 20 independent connections.
%   Any command may be preceded by a connection handle -- an integer from 0
%   to 10 -- to apply the command to that connection.
%   Examples: mym(5,'open','host2')  %  connection 5 to host 2
%             mym                    %  status of all connections
%   When no connection handle is given, mym use 0 by default. If the
%   corresponding connection is open, it is closed and opened again.
%   It is possible to ask mym to look for an available connection
%   handle by using -1. The used connection handle is then returned.
%   Example:  cid = mym(-1, 'open', 'host2')  %  cid contains the used
%                                                connection handle
% mym('close')
% ------------
%   Close the current connection. Use mym('closeall') to closes all open 
%   connections.
% mym('use',db)  or   mym('use db')
% ---------------------------------
%   Set the current database to db   
%   Example:  mym('use cme')
% mym('status')
% -------------
%   Display information about the connection and the server.
%   Return  0  if connection is open and functioning
%           1  if connection is closed
%           2  if should be open but we cannot ping the server
% mym(query)
% ----------
%   Send the given query or command to the MySQL server. If arguments are
%   given on the left, then each argument is set to the column of the
%   returned query. Dates and times in result are converted to Matlab 
%   format: dates are serial day number, and times are fraction of day. 
%   String variables are returned as cell arrays.
%   Example: p = mym('select price from contract where date="1997-04-30"');
%            % Returns price for contract that occured on April 30, 1997.
%   Note: All string comparisons are case-insensitive
%   Placeholders: in a query the following placeholders can be used: {S}, 
%   {Si}, {M}, {F}, and {B}.
%   Example: i = 1000;
%            B = [1 2; 3 4];
%            mym('INSERT INTO test(id,value) VALUES("{Si}","{M}")',i,B);
%            A = mym('SELECT value FROM test WHERE id ="{Si}")', 1000);
%            % Insert the array B into table test with id=1000. Then the 
%            % value is retrieved and put into A.
%   {S}  is remplaced by a string given by the corresponding argument arg. 
%        Arg can be a matlab string or a scalar. The format of the string
%        for double scalars is [sign]d.ddddddEddd; for integers the format 
%        is [sign]dddddd.
%   {Sn} is the same as {S} but for double scalar only. The format of the
%        string is [sign]d.ddddEddd, where the number of decimal after the 
%        dot is given by n.
%   {Si} is the same as {S} but for double scalar only. The corresponding 
%        double is first converted to an integer (using floor).
%   {M}  is replaced by the binary representation of the corresponding
%        argument (it can be a scalar, cell, numeric or cell array, or a 
%        structure).
%   {B}  is replaced by the binary representation of the uint8 vector
%        given in the corresponding argument.
%   {F}  is the same as {B} but for the file whose name is given in the
%        corresponding argument.
%   Note: 1) {M}, {B} and {F} need to be put in fields of type BLOB
%         2) {M}, {B} and {F} binary representations are compressed -- only 
%            if the space gain is larger than 10% --. We use zlib v1.2.3!
%            The compression can be switched off by using  {uM}, {uB} and
%            {uF}, instead.
%         3) {M} does not work if the endian of the client used to store
%            the BLOB is different than that used to fetch it.
%         4) time fields are returned as string dump
%         5) this kind of insert does not work properly:
%             mym(INSERT INTO tbl(id,txt) VALUES(1000,"abc{dfg}h")');
%            as the "abc{dfg}h" is mistaken for a mYm command. A possible
%            solution is to use the following command:
%             mym(INSERT INTO tbl(id,txt) VALUES(1000,"{S}")','abc{dfg}h');